The Omniverse is composed of Matter & Antimatter Universes. Atoms are composed of electrons and positrons, 2d and 3d photon quanta with opposite and like polarity to solar and planetary fields in each polarity universe composed of monopole charge and dipole moments induced by their ionized rotating cores trapped in cycling frames by field lines transformed from electrons.


The Solid Solar Surface Model is based upon observations from the YOHKOH, SOHO and TRACE satellite programs, from spectral analysis data compiled by the SERTS program and from other solar observation programs from around the world.

High energy photons transform into electron positron pairs at the solar core surface where electrons transform into field lines resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios, trios are trapped by transiting electrons and transform into protons.

Protons cycle three positron trios through nested frame positions the inner trio cycles to the outer position, emits photons absorbed between cycles and induces monopole charge as a positron trio cycles through singularity with two electrons.

Protons compose the solar wind, and cycle in the same instant and like monopole charges induced in the same instant are repelled with a force which increases inversely as the square of the separation of their charges, which powers the solar wind, and fills the solar heliosphere with solar ions.

At the orbit of the earth the average solar wind consists of a strongly ionized gas having a proton and electron density of about 3 – 10 particles per cubic centimeter, with an average flow velocity of approximately 400 km/s.

solar heliosphere

Deep space is electrified, de-ionizing solar winds, CMEs and coronal mass from supernovas, which condense in molecular clouds of hydrogen and electrically neutral atoms. UV radiation from stars re-ionizes atoms in deep space, freeing electrons which induce opposite charge in the same instant as solar wind ions and opposite monopole charges induced in the same instant are attracted.

The attractive force between electrons and proton ions induces a voltage potential between stars and deep space, attracting electrons sunward with a force increasing inversely as the solar distance, increasing kinetic energy of solar current electrons until photosphere electrical resistance transforms kinetic energy into starlight.

solar electric currents heat the photosphere


The solar electric currents electrify the ionized solar atmosphere which trap electrons on solar field lines, frictionless conductors grounded on the solar core and extended in coronal loops by the repelling force between trapped electrons.

Solar flares eject CMEs of ionized plasma, powered by the repelling force between electrons trapped on electrified field lines grounded on the solar core and draping the leading edge which explosively extends CME field lines antisunward, when the CME escapes solar gravity.

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) travel outward from the Sun at speeds as fast as near 3000 km/s. They expand in size as they propagate away from the Sun and larger CMEs can reach a size comprising nearly a quarter of the space between Earth and the Sun by the time it reaches our planet.

When a CME intersects the planetary field, electrified field lines drape, open circuits with, and electrify planetary field lines grounded in the atmosphere inside the auroral ovals inducing a voltage potential powering high amperage sheet currents of electrons along planetary field lines, inducing auroras and electrifying sectors of the auroral ovals facing the night sky during geomagnetic storms.

geomagnetic storm

G2-class geomagnetic stormAPRIL 16-17 2015 broke out, sparking bright auroras over Scandinavia, Canada, and northern-tier US states. Kameron Barge photographed the colorful lights over Glacier National Park in Montana:

The repelling force between electrons charging sectors of the auroral ovals after geomagnetic storms powers horizontal expansion of the electrified air mass away from the poles pushing back the mid latitude air mass and powering extreme weather along the jet stream interface including winter storms, lightning storms, flash flooding, high velocity winds and tornadoes.

Electrified weather systems charge land surfaces and the oceans which induces a voltage potential between the planetary surface and core where electrons transform into field lines powering core electric currents, and protons, electrons and positrons transformed from photons induced by mantle heating, transform with electrons into mantle elements which increases planetary mass and surface area.


The deepwater oceans are expanding and increase planetary surface area as new oceanic lithosphere forms between the spreading tectonic plates. The Americas have been separating from Eurasia 2.5 cm/year for 65 million years, creating the Atlantic Ocean. The Americas are separating from Asia 17 cm/year, suggesting the Pacific ocean began near the beginning of the Mesozoic era.


The expansion rate of the oceans suggests at the beginning of the Mesozoic era Earth’s surface area was equal to the surface area of the continental land masses (148 million sq.km), similar to the surface area of Mars (145 million sq. Km.) which has 10% of Earth’s present mass and 38% of Earth’s present surface gravity.