APRIL 16-17 2015 – A G2-class geomagnetic storm broke out, sparking bright auroras over Scandinavia, Canada, and northern-tier US states. Kameron Barge photographed the colorful lights over Glacier National Park in Montana:

UV flash x WildFires x Blizzards x Tornadoes
SolarCycle 24: 2013 x 2014 x 2015 x 2016 x 2017
Solar Cycle 25: 2021-24

The repelling force between electrons charging sectors of the auroral ovals after geomagnetic storms induces an expanding force which powers expansion of the electrified air mass away from the poles, pushing back and increasing barometric pressure and wind speed along the interface with the mid latitude air mass.

The west to east movement of mid latitude weather systems is powered by dipole moments captured by the planetary field, induced by rotation of the ionized core, a vector force which increases momentum of atmospheric ions in the direction of core rotation and powers the west to east movement of jet streams and trade winds ionized by sunlight, and cloud formations of ionized droplets.

A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.~Science Daily

Electrified weather systems induce a voltage potential between the surface and core where electrons transform into field lines powering core electric currents through the electrolyte discharge from hydrothermal vents. During solar maximums more frequent solar storms and electrified weather systems increase the voltage potential and the resistive heating of the discharge from vents across the south Pacific.