The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind and electrified weather systems charge the planetary surface inducing a voltage potential between planetary surface and core where electrons transform into planetary field lines.

The voltage potential powers core electric currents from electrified land surfaces along ferrous conductors and magma tubes of volcanoes and from the oceans through the electrolyte discharge from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches.

High energy photons transform into electron positron pairs at the planetary core surface where electrons are captured by the field resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios and three trios are trapped by four transiting electrons and transform into protons.

Transformation of photons provides a heat sink for mantle heating and protons transform in exothermic reactions with core current electrons into mantle elements composing water and gas saturated magma plumes which upwell from the core.

Transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass and planetary surface area as magma upwells and forms new lithosphere between the spreading oceanic plates which are spreading apart about 25 kilometers per million years. The water and gas fraction of upwelling magma plumes is discharged from hydrothermal vents which heat, fill and fertilize the growing ocean basins.

During the solar maximum more frequent solar storms and electrified weather systems charge the oceans and increase the voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere and resistive heating of the discharge from hydrothermal vents across the South Pacific during the solar maximum.

Seawater in hydrothermal vents may reach temperatures of over 700° Fahrenheit. Hot seawater in hydrothermal vents does not boil because of the extreme pressure at the depths where the vents are formed.

A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.

el nino & solar flares
They found that the five terminator events all coincided with a flip from an El Nino to a La Nina. They found there was only a 1 in 5,000 chance all five terminator events included in the study would randomly coincide with the flip in ocean temperatures.


Before formation of the deepwater oceans planetary surface area was equal to the surface area of the continental landmasses, and planetary mass, surface area, surface curvature, and surface gravity was similar to the planet mars. The lithosphere draped the planet in an unbroken rocky shell and conducted electrons captured from the solar wind along ferrous conductors through the lithosphere and tubes of volcanoes which increased planetary surface area by magma eruptions.

The late Paleozoic icehouse, also known as the Late Paleozoic Ice Age and formerly known as the Karoo ice age, was an ice age that began in the Late Devonian and ended in the Late Permian occurring from 360 to 255 million years ago and large land-based ice-sheets were then present on Earth’s surface.[4]

The spread rates suggest formation of the Pacific ocean began 250 million years ago at the beginning of the Mesozoic era after the extinction event at the end of the Permian Era. The Mesozoic was tropical and dry and the Permian was characterized by a cold climate with frequent ice ages. The change in climates before and after the Permian extinction suggests a kinetic event caused the extinction and moved Earth from an orbit close to mars to an orbit closer to the sun than Earth’s present orbit.

The temperatures, both on land and in the ocean, were much higher than during the Paleozoic, and climates were more tropical in nature. Despite this, the seas were lower, and overall the Mesozoic Era was dryer than the Paleozoic Era. There were more deserts and less marshland.

Earth and Mars have very similar axial tilts and rotation periods, suggesting the planets could have been in geosynchronous orbits before the Permian extinction. with the same rotational and orbital periods and the same axial tilt of their rotation axis to the axis of their solar orbits.

New research from the University of Bristol sheds light on the origin of titanium-rich basaltic magmas on the Moon. A map of the titanium abundances on the Moon’s surface, obtained from NASA’s Clementine spacecraft; the red parts indicate extremely high concentrations compared to terrestrial rocks.

We managed to mimic the high-Ti basalts in the process in the lab using high-temperature experiments clearly demonstrating how the melt-solid reaction is integral in understanding the formation of these unique magmas.

Titanium deposits indicate extreme heating of the near side surface of the moon, which may have been caused by heating of the surface by atmospheric friction before the moon impacted Earth, knocking Earth into an orbit closer to the sun, causing the Permian extinction and shattering the lithosphere into plates which began creation of the pacific ocean seabed.