The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind and electrified weather systems charge the planetary surface, inducing a voltage potential powering core electric currents which transform into mantle elements with protons transformed from photons induced by mantle heating.

Transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass and planetary surface area which increases as magma upwells, cools, and forms new oceanic lithosphere between the 40,000 km of oceanic plates spreading apart 25 km/million years. The spread rate suggests the Pacific Ocean began forming at the beginning of the Mesozoic Era and the Atlantic Ocean at the end of the Mesozoic Era.

Before the Mesozoic era the lithosphere covered the planet in an unbroken rocky shell, stretched flat by internal pressure from matter creation, punctuated by volcanoes which thickened the lithosphere and build the atmosphere by volcanic eruption which was equal to the surface area of the continental landmasses

(148 million sq km) and similar to Mars (144 million sq km).

a similar rotation period ( 24:39 hrs) and axial tilt (25 deg) to Earth (23.5 deg). which suggests before the Mesozoic, and Earth was similar in mass and surface area Earth and Mars may have been in geosynchronous orbits, rotating and orbiting with the same periods and axial tilts.

It’s possible an impact with the moon knocked Earth out of geosynchronous orbit with Mars into a new orbit closer to the sun, changing the axial tilt slightly. An impact with the moon may also have caused the extinction event at the beginning of the Mesozoic Era and shattered the lithosphere, which began creation of the Pacific ocean.

The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind and electrified weather systems charge the oceans, inducing a voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere powering core electric currents through the electrolyte discharge from hydrothermic vents in the deep ocean trenches and electrical resistance of the discharge transforms current kinetic energy into photons which heats the discharge.

A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth. – Science Daily

el nino & solar flares

During the solar maximum frequent geomagnetic storms increases electrification of the oceans and voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere which increases the kinetic energy of the current and heating the discharge from the vents across the South Pacific, triggering El Nino events near the end of the solar maximum.

During the El Nina phase easterly trade winds move water and moist air air warmed by the sun west where moisture is dumped in typhoons and thunderstorms. The El Niño phase is characterized by a breakdown of this cycle, resulting in warm water in the eastern Pacific.

At the beginning of the Mesozioic Era the warm moist, carbon rich, low gravity environment nurtured the evolution of lifeforms which could not support their weight in present day gravity, which is 2.6 times stronger than the beginning of the Mesosoic era when surface gravity was the similar to gravity on Mars.

In humans and bovids, cortical bone has been evaluated to withstand maximum stress. Hence, within the context of comparable loading regimes, the mechanical state of each sauropod model examined suggests that all skeletal pedal postures would most likely have resulted in mechanical failure (e.g., stress fractures).

dinosaursThis state would have been intensified when subjected to repetitive heavy loadings, as would be expected during normal locomotion, ultimately resulting in fatigue fracture in all digits. Being unable to support or move properly, the high probability of mechanical failure would have had a substantial impact on the animal’s survival.