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Electrified weather systems charge the planetary surface, inducing a voltage potential between the surface and core, where electrons transform into field lines. The voltage potential powers core electric currents which transform into mantle elements in exothermic reactions with protons transformed from high energy photons at the planetary core surface where electrons are captured by the field resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios, three trios merge with four transiting electrons and transform into protons.

Transformation of photons into protons cools the core, provides a heat sink for mantle heating, and transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass and planetary surface area which grows as magma upwells and forms oceanic lithosphere between the spreading oceanic plates of the deep water oceans.

Core electric currents, powered by the voltage potential across the lithosphere, are conducted from electrified land surfaces along the tubes of volcanoes and other ferrous conductors. Core currents are conducted from the oceans through the electrolyte discharge from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches. Electrical resistance heats the discharge, which heats fills and fertilizes the expanding ocean basins.

Hydrothermal vents play enormous role in marine life, global climate

A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.

el nino & solar flares

Increased electrification of the oceans from electrified weather systems during the solar maximum increases the voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere and amperage of currents through the discharge from geothermic vents, which increases resistive heating of the discharge and the oceans during the solar maximum.

The methane gas fraction of magma plumes upwelling from the core seeps through the lithosphere, and is trapped as methane hydrate deposits in the oceans, in shale deposits and transforms into coal and petroleum reserves around the world.


As natural gas from shale becomes a global energy “game changer,” oil and gas researchers are working to develop new technologies to produce natural gas from methane hydrate deposits. This research is important because methane hydrate deposits are believed to be a larger hydrocarbon resource than all of the world’s oil, natural gas and coal resources combined. [1] If these deposits can be efficiently and economically developed, methane hydrate could become the next energy game changer.

The world’s technically recoverable resources of shale gas, which is the amount of gas that could be recoverable with available technologies, are estimated to be around 200 trillion cubic meters (tcm). The largest estimated resources are in China (36 tcm), followed by the United States (24 tcm) and Argentina (21 tcm). In Europe, technically recoverable shale gas resources are estimated to be up to 18 tcm, with the largest being in Poland (5.3 tcm) and France (5.1 tcm). By comparison, remaining technically recoverable resources of conventional gas worldwide are around 400 tcm, of which about half are considered proven reserves.