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The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind on field lines grounded in the atmosphere inside the auroral ovals which charge sectors of the auroral ovals facing the night sky during geomagnetic storms and electrified weather systems charge land surfaces and the oceans and induce a voltage potential between the planetary surface and core where electrons transform into planetary field lines powering core electric currents.

High energy photons induced by exothermic mantle reactions transform into electron positron pairs at the planetary core surface where electrons are captured by the field resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios, trios transform with transiting electrons into protons, and protons transform with core current electrons into mantle elements, in exothermic nuclear reactions up to iron on the periodic table.

Transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass and displacement, as water and gas saturated magma plumes grow upward from the core, under the lithosphere which increases in surface area as magma up-wells forming new oceanic lithosphere between the oceanic plates, spreading apart at the rate fingernails grow.

The water and gas fraction of up-welling magma plumes is discharged from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches, heating filling and fertilizing the expanding ocean basins and conducting core electric currents through the electrolyte discharge, powered by the voltage potential across the lithosphere induced by electrified weather systems charging the oceans.

Hydrothermal vents play enormous role in marine life, global climate

A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.

el nino & solar flares

Increased electrification of the oceans from electrified weather systems during the solar maximum increases the voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere and amperage of currents through the discharge from geothermic vents, which increases resistive heating of the discharge and the oceans during the solar maximum.

The methane gas fraction of magma plumes upwelling from the core seeps through the lithosphere, and is trapped as methane hydrate deposits in the oceans, in shale deposits and transforms into coal and petroleum reserves around the world.


As natural gas from shale becomes a global energy “game changer,” oil and gas researchers are working to develop new technologies to produce natural gas from methane hydrate deposits. This research is important because methane hydrate deposits are believed to be a larger hydrocarbon resource than all of the world’s oil, natural gas and coal resources combined. [1] If these deposits can be efficiently and economically developed, methane hydrate could become the next energy game changer.

The world’s technically recoverable resources of shale gas, which is the amount of gas that could be recoverable with available technologies, are estimated to be around 200 trillion cubic meters (tcm). The largest estimated resources are in China (36 tcm), followed by the United States (24 tcm) and Argentina (21 tcm). In Europe, technically recoverable shale gas resources are estimated to be up to 18 tcm, with the largest being in Poland (5.3 tcm) and France (5.1 tcm). By comparison, remaining technically recoverable resources of conventional gas worldwide are around 400 tcm, of which about half are considered proven reserves.