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The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind electrifying the planetary surface and inducing a voltage potential between the planetary surface and core where electrons are transformed into field lines powering core electric currents through the lithosphere from electrified land surfaces and the oceans.

High energy photons, induced by resistive heating and exothermic mantle reactions, transform into electron positron pairs at the planetary core surface, where electrons are transformed into field lines, resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios, are trapped by transiting electrons and transform into protons.

Transformation of photons into protons cools the core, provides a heat sink for mantle heating and protons transformed from photons transform with core current electrons into neutrons and in exothermic reactions up to iron on the periodic table into mantle elements which grow in water and gas saturated magma plumes upward from the core.

Transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass, displacement and planetary surface area which increases from magma up-welling and forming new oceanic lithosphere between the spreading continental plates. The water and gas fraction of magma plumes is discharged to the atmosphere from volcanoes and to the oceans from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches, which heats fills and fertilizes the expanding ocean basins.


The voltage potential between the oceans, charged by electrified weather systems and planetary core, where electrons are transformed into planetary field lines, powers the core electric circuit through electrolyte discharge of hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches and resistive heating transforms the voltage potential into photons which heats the discharge, providing up to thirty percent of ocean heating.

el nino & solar flares

During the solar maximum more frequent geomagnetic storms increase charge conducted to the oceans by electrified weather systems and increases the voltage potential powering the core electric circuit which increases resistive heating of the discharge from hydro-thermal vents and ocean heating during the solar maximum, inducing El NiƱos at their lagging ends.


We hypothesize that million years of years ago earth was similar in mass and surface area to the planet Mars and the two planets orbited each other with a 24 hour orbital period because both planets rotate on their axis in 24 hours with similar axial tilt

Mars has an axial tilt and a rotation period similar to those of Earth. Thus, it experiences seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter much like Earth. Coincidentally, the duration of a Martian day is within a few percent of that of an Earth day, which has led to the use of analogous time units.

During this period both earth and mars may have been embedded in fields and geologically active until a catastrophic impact/event stripped the planetary field from mars and knocked the planets into higher and lower orbits around the sun.

Sixty five million years ago meteor on a west to east trajectory impacted the planet at the present location of the Gulf of Mexico, punctured the lithosphere and powered high velocity stress cracks, powered by the release internal pressure causing the cracks to spring apart behind the leading edges. The stress cracks spread north east and south west from the impact site, dividing the Americas from Europe and Africa, crossed the poles and ending in multiple fractures across future seabeds of the Pacific and Indian Oceans

The continental oceans drained into the cracks between the plates creating the Grand Canyon beginning creation of the deep-water oceans as up-welling magma created new oceanic lithosphere between the spreading plates and hydrothermal vents filled and fertilized the growing oceans basins now covering seventy percent of the planetary surface and has reduced the surface curvature of land masses from the surface curvature of mars, causing earthquakes as the landscape flattens

Before the meteor impact the lithosphere covered the planetary surface in an unbroken rocky shell without deep water oceans with surface area equal to present day land masses, and matter transformed from photons and core current electrons increased mantle mass, internal pressure on the lithosphere and increased thickness and surface of the lithosphere by volcanic eruptions. The carbon rich water and gas fraction building the atmosphere and filling and fertilizing the shallow oceans.


The water and carbon rich biosphere, fertilized by volcanoes and hydrothermal vents nurtured the evolution of diverse lifeforms which grew to prodigious sizes in reduced gravity.