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Solar fields transform high energy photons into proton ions at the solar core surface which compose their solar winds inducing solar currents of electrons which transform the voltage potential between stars and deep space into kinetic energy until electrical resistance of the solar atmosphere transforms kinetic energy into sunlight.

Protons transformed from photons at the solar core surface transform with core current electrons into mantle elements in exothermic nuclear reactions up to iron on the periodic table which increases interstellar mass from solar winds, coronal mass ejections and exploding supernovas.

Planetary fields capture electrons from the solar wind on field lines transformed from electrons grounded in their atmospheres inside their auroral ovals which electrify their atmospheres and planetary surface, and indues a voltage potential between surface and core powering core electric currents.

Planetary fields transform high energy photons induced by exothermic mantle reactions into protons with core current electrons into mantle elements in exothermic nuclear reactions up to iron on the periodic table which increases planetary mass, displacement, surface area and angular momentum.

The water and gas fraction is released from volcanoes to the atmosphere and from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches which heat fill and fertilize the expanding ocean basins.

Electrified weather systems charge the oceans inducing a voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere which powers high amperage electric currents through the electrolyte discharge from hydrothermal vents which transform the voltage potential into kinetic energy and electrical resistance transforms kinetic energy into photons and heating the discharge from hydrothermal vents.

During the solar maximum frequent geomagnetic storms and electrified weather systems charge the oceans which increases the voltage potential across the lithosphere and increases resistive heating of the discharge from hydrothermal vents during the solar maximum. In the south Pacific hydrothermal vents raises water temperatures during the solar maximum and powers El Ninos at the lagging ends.

el nino & solar flares


The surface area of the continental land masses (148,647,000 sq.km.) is slightly more than the surface area of mars (144,798,500 sq. km.). Earth rotates every 24 hours with an axial tilt of about 23.5 deg. Mars has an axial tilt of 25 deg. and rotates every 24.6 hours.

We speculate about three billion years ago Mars and Earth had similar mass, surface area, curvature, surface gravity, and in geosynchronous orbits when a cataclysmic collision stripped the planetary field from mars and knocked the planets into separate orbits around the sun but preserving their axial tilt and rotation period.

Before the separation both planets captured electrons from the solar wind and transformed photons into protons which transformed into mantle elements and increased mantle mass and displacement and the lithosphere covered the planetary surface in an unbroken rocky shell stretched flat by internal pressure from mantle expansion.

Both fields captured monopole charge and magnetic moments induced by their ionized rotating cores before separation of their orbits, after separation earth’s field continued to capture magnetic moments induced by the core which has powered a high velocity ring current of ionized magma in the direction of planetary rotation.

The inner core rotates in the same direction as the Earth and slightly faster, completing its once-a-day rotation about two-thirds of a second faster than the entire Earth. Over the past 100 years that extra speed has gained the core a quarter-turn on the planet as a whole


A day on mars is thirty six minutes longer than a day on earth and we postulate earth’s rotation speed has increased, reducing the day length since separation from mars, due to the faster rotation of earth’s outer core which has increased the angular momentum of planetary rotation as the planet has grown to its present size.

Before and after separation the lithosphere draped the planet in an unbroken rocky shell, stretched flat by internal pressure generated by core expansion punctuated by volcanoes which relieved internal pressure by releasing atmospheric gasses and increasing planetary surface area from magma eruptions.

Volcanoes and hydrothermal vents fertilized land surfaces and the oceans nurturing the evolution of diverse lifeforms which grew to prodigious sizes in reduced gravity.


A multinational group of paleontologists has described a new titanosaurian dinosaur, named Dreadnoughtus schrani, from Upper Cretaceous sediments in southern Patagonia, Argentina. It is the most complete giant titanosaur yet discovered, and provides new insight into the morphology and evolutionary history of these supermassive dinosaurs.


We postulate about sixty five million years ago a meteor shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates, after puncturing the lithosphere at the present location of the Gulf of Mexico,



A meteor impact sixty five million years agoand shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates. High velocity stress cracks, powered by the release of internal pressure causing the cracks to spring apart behind the leading edges which spread north east and south west from the impact site, dividing the Americas from Europe and Africa, crossed the poles and ending in multiple fractures through the lithosphere across future seabeds of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

The shallow continental oceans drained into the cracks between the plates beginning creation of the deep-water oceans as up-welling magma created new oceanic lithosphere between the spreading plates and hydrothermal vents filled and fertilized the growing oceans basins which now cover seventy percent of the planetary surface.