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The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind on field lines grounded in the atmosphere inside the auroral ovals which charge sectors of the auroral ovals during geomagnetic storms and electrified weather systems charge land surfaces and the oceans and induce a voltage potential powering core electric currents between surface and planetary core where electrons transform into planetary field lines.

High energy photons induced by exothermic mantle reactions transform into electron positron pairs at the planetary core surface where electrons transform into field lines resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios, three trios transform with transiting electrons into protons, and protons transform with core current electrons into mantle elements, in exothermic nuclear reactions up to iron on the periodic table.

Transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass and displacement, as water and gas saturated magma plumes grow upward from the core, under the lithosphere which increases in surface area as magma up-wells forming new oceanic lithosphere between the oceanic plates, spreading apart at the rate fingernails grow.

The water and gas fraction of up-welling magma plumes is discharged from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches, heating filling and fertilizing the expanding ocean basins and conducting core electric currents through the electrolyte discharge, powered by the voltage potential across the lithosphere induced by electrified weather systems charging the oceans.

Hydrothermal vents play enormous role in marine life, global climate

el nino & solar flares

A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.

Increased electrification of the oceans from electrified weather systems during the solar maximum increases the voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere which increases kinetic energy of currents through the discharge from geothermal vents and resistive heating of the discharge from geothermal vents in the south pacific during the solar maximum.

The methane gas fraction of magma plumes upwelling from the core seeps through the lithosphere, and is trapped as methane hydrate deposits in the oceans, in shale deposits and transforms into coal and petroleum reserves around the world.


As natural gas from shale becomes a global energy “game changer,” oil and gas researchers are working to develop new technologies to produce natural gas from methane hydrate deposits. This research is important because methane hydrate deposits are believed to be a larger hydrocarbon resource than all of the world’s oil, natural gas and coal resources combined. [1] If these deposits can be efficiently and economically developed, methane hydrate could become the next energy game changer.

The world’s technically recoverable resources of shale gas, which is the amount of gas that could be recoverable with available technologies, are estimated to be around 200 trillion cubic meters (tcm). The largest estimated resources are in China (36 tcm), followed by the United States (24 tcm) and Argentina (21 tcm). In Europe, technically recoverable shale gas resources are estimated to be up to 18 tcm, with the largest being in Poland (5.3 tcm) and France (5.1 tcm). By comparison, remaining technically recoverable resources of conventional gas worldwide are around 400 tcm, of which about half are considered proven reserves.


Before creation of the deep-water oceans the planetary surface area was equal to the surface area of present day land masses (area:148,647,000 sq.km.) and surface area of the planet Mars (area: 144,798,500 sq. km.) with surface curvature and gravity also similar to the planet Mars.

When Earth was the size of Mars the planetary field captured electrons from the solar wind which transformed with protons, transformed from photons at the planetary core surface, into mantle elements, increasing mantle mass, volume and internal pressure powering Volcanoes which relieved internal pressure from mantle expansion, increased planetary surface area and fertilizing land surfaces from magma eruptions.

Volcanoes and hydrothermal vents released water and carbon rich gasses, building the atmosphere and heating filling and fertilizing the shallow oceans and the oceans nurturing the evolution of diverse lifeforms in a moist carbon rich environment where lifeforms grew to prodigious sizes in reduced gravity.

An adult bull savanna elephant can have a shoulder height of 3.3 meters (11 feet), weigh up to 7,500 Kg (16,538 lb.) and reach a length of 9 meters (30 feet). Females are smaller, weighing up to 3,232 Kg (7,127 lb.) and measuring 2.6 meters (8.7 feet) at shoulder height.

The largest land animal is the elephant which weighs up to 7.5 metric tons in Earth gravity. When earth was the size of mars surface gravity would be the same as on Mars which is 38% of Earth gravity and the elephant would be able to support a weight of 20 metric tons in Earth’s gravity which would have been 7.5 metric tons when Earth was the size of Mars.

We believe sixty-five million years when Earth was the size of mars
ago a meteor impact broke through the lithosphere at the present location of the Gulf of Mexico and high velocity stress fractures, powered by the release of internal pressure of the growing mantle behind the leading edges, which divided the Americas from Europe and Africa, crossed the poles and ended in multiple fractures across future sea-beds of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.


A multinational group of paleontologists has described a new titanosaurian dinosaur, named Dreadnoughtus schrani, from Upper Cretaceous sediments in southern Patagonia, Argentina. It is the most complete giant titanosaur yet discovered, and provides new insight into the morphology and evolutionary history of these supermassive dinosaurs.


We postulate about sixty five million years ago a meteor shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates, after puncturing the lithosphere at the present location of the Gulf of Mexico,


In the distant past Earth and Mars had similar mass and surface area and in geosynchronous orbits with 24 hour orbital periods and similar axil tilts. In a cataclysmic event Mars was stripped of its planetary field and the planets were knocked out of their geosynchronous orbits, towards their present orbital paths around the sun, but preserving axial tilt and rotation period.

After the event that knocked mars and earth in separate orbits, mars stopped capturing electrons from the solar wind and transforming photons into protons while earth continued to transform protons and electrons into water, methane and gas saturated magma which increased mantle mass, displacement and internal pressure which powered volcanic eruptions.

The meteor impact which caused extinction of the dinosaurs sixty five million years ago shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates when the planet had the same surface area and surface curvature as mars.

Since the lithosphere was shattered into the continental plates the Grand Canyon was formed as the the shallow continental oceans drained into the cracks between the spreading continental plates, beginning creation of the deep-water oceans as hydrothermal vents filled and fertilized the growing oceans basins now covering seventy percent of the planetary surface.

The continental land masses now covering 30% of the planet have the same surface area as before the meteor impact but the surface curvature has flattened causing fractures and earthquakes.

Earth rotates every 24 hours with an axial tilt of about 23.5 deg. Mars has an axial tilt of 25 deg. and rotates every 24.6 hours.

The inner core rotates in the same direction as the Earth and slightly faster, completing its once-a-day rotation about two-thirds of a second faster than the entire Earth. Over the past 100 years that extra speed has gained the core a quarter-turn on the planet as a whole


A day on mars is thirty six minutes longer than a day on earth and we postulate earth’s rotation speed has increased, reducing the day length since separation from mars, due to the faster rotation of earth’s outer core which has increased the angular momentum of planetary rotation as the planet has grown to its present size.