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The planetary field captures electrons from the solar wind charging sectors of the auroral ovals facing the night sky during geomagnetic storms and electrified weather systems charge land surfaces and the oceans inducing a voltage potential between the planetary surface and core where electrons are transformed into field lines.

The voltage potential between the planetary surface and core powers core electric currents along ferrous conductors from land surfaces and from the oceans through the electrolyte discharge from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches

High energy photons, induced by resistive heating and exothermic mantle reactions, transform into electron positron pairs at the planetary core surface where electrons are captured by the field resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios, are trapped by transiting electrons and transform into protons.

Transformation of photons into protons cools the core, provides a heat sink for mantle heating and protons transform with core current electrons into, oxygen, carbon, sulfur and other elements in exothermic nuclear reactions (up to iron on the periodic table) which grow in water and gas saturated magma plumes upward from the core.

Transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements increases mantle mass and planetary surface area which increases from magma up-welling and forming new lithosphere between the spreading continental plates.

The water and gas fraction of up-welling magma is released to the atmosphere from volcanoes and to the oceans from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches, which heat fill and fertilize the expanding ocean basins.

Scientists recently discovered and explored a hydrothermal field at 2,000 meters depth in the Gulf of California where towering mineral structures serve as biological hotspots for life. These newly discovered geological formations feature upside down ‘mirror-like flanges’ that act as pooling sites for discharged fluids.


During the solar maximum electrified weather systems charge the oceans more frequently, increasing the voltage potential across the oceanic lithosphere and amperage of currents through the electrolyte discharge of hydrothermal vents.

el nino & solar flares

The increase in the voltage and amperage of currents through hydrothermal vents during the solar maximum increases resistive heating of the discharge and increases ocean heating during the solar maximum and increases ocean temperatures at the lagging end, which induces El Nino with La Nina generally between cycles.


We postulate the planet has been growing since Earth was the size of mars and the lithosphere covered the planetary surface in an unbroken rocky shell stretched flat by internal pressure from transformation of protons and electrons into mantle elements which increased mantle mass and increased planetary surface area from volcanic eruptions.

Volcanoes and hydrothermal vents release water and carbon rich gasses, building the atmosphere fertilizing, filling the shallow oceans and increasing planetary surface area from volcanic eruptions powered by high pressure vents in the lithosphere without deep-water oceans


A multinational group of paleontologists has described a new titanosaurian dinosaur, named Dreadnoughtus schrani, from Upper Cretaceous sediments in southern Patagonia, Argentina. It is the most complete giant titanosaur yet discovered, and provides new insight into the morphology and evolutionary history of these supermassive dinosaurs.


Volcanoes and hydrothermal vents fertilized land surfaces and the oceans nurturing the evolution of diverse lifeforms which grew to prodigious sizes in reduced gravity.



We postulate the meteor which impacted the planet sixty five million years ago punctured the lithosphere at the present location of the Gulf of Mexico and shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates. High velocity stress cracks, powered by the release of internal pressure causing the cracks to spring apart behind the leading edges which spread north east and south west from the impact site, dividing the Americas from Europe and Africa, crossed the poles and ending in multiple fractures through the lithosphere across future seabeds of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

The shallow continental oceans drained into the cracks between the plates beginning creation of the deep-water oceans as up-welling magma created new oceanic lithosphere between the spreading plates and hydrothermal vents filled and fertilized the growing oceans basins which now cover seventy percent of the planetary surface.

The surface area of the continental land masses is equal to the surface area of the planetary lithosphere before the meteor shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates and planetary growth reduces the surface curvature of the continental plates causing earthquakes as the landscape flattens,

Earth has been expanding since the planet was the size of Mars and Earth may have derived it’s 24 hour rotation period and axial tilt from being in orbit around mars with a 24 hour orbital period and both planets with tidally locked rotation, giving each planet a 24 hour rotation period.

Mars has an axial tilt and a rotation period similar to those of Earth. Thus, it experiences seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter much like Earth. Coincidentally, the duration of a Martian day is within a few percent of that of an Earth day, which has led to the use of analogous time units.

We postulate a cataclysmic event knocked the Earth and Mars out of orbits around each other and may have stripped the planetary field from Mars, rendering it geologically inactive while Earth’s field continued to capture electrons from the solar wind, transform photons into protons at the planetary core and remain geologically active.