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The planetary fields capture electrons from the solar wind on field lines inflated outside their atmospheres by high velocity ring currents inducing a voltage potential and high velocity sheet currents along field lines grounded in the atmosphere around the poles, inducing auroras and charging sectors of the auroral ovals facing the night sky during geomagnetic storms.

The repelling force between electrons charging sectors of the auroral ovals after geomagnetic storms powers electrified storm fronts which charge the planetary surface and induce a voltage potential between the surface and planetary core where electrons are transformed into field lines. The voltage potential powers core electric currents which transform voltage potential into kinetic energy until electrical resistance and exothermic mantle reactions transform the voltage potential into photons.

High energy photons, induced by exothermic mantle reactions transform into electron positron pairs at the planetary core surface where electrons are transformed into field lines resulting in residual positrons which merge in trios are trapped by transiting electrons and transform into protons.

Transformation of photons into protons cools the core, provides a heat sink for mantle heating, and protons transform with core current electrons into neutrons and in exothermic reactions up to iron on the periodic table into mantle elements, heating the mantle and growing upward from the core in gas saturated magma plumes increasing mantle mass, displacement and planetary surface area.

The surface area of the planetary lithosphere increases from magma upwelling and forming new oceanic lithosphere between the spreading continental plates. The water and gas fraction of upwelling plumes is discharged from hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches which heat fill and fertilize the expanding ocean basins.


The voltage potential between the oceans, charged by electrified weather systems and planetary core, where electrons are transformed into planetary field lines, powers the core electric circuit through electrolyte discharge of hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean trenches and resistive heating transforms the voltage potential into photons which heats the discharge, providing up to thirty percent of ocean heating.

el nino & solar flares

During the solar maximum more frequent geomagnetic storms increase charge conducted to the oceans by electrified weather systems and increases the voltage potential powering the core electric circuit which increases resistive heating of the discharge from hydro-thermal vents and ocean heating during the solar maximum, inducing El NiƱos at their lagging ends.


Sixty five million years ago Earth was similar in mass and surface area to the planet Mars, before a meteor shattered the lithosphere into the continental plates. The core electric circuit was powered by the voltage potential between surface and core and conducted through the lithosphere along the ferrous tubes of volcanoes and through the discharge from hydrothermal vents in the shallow oceans.

The lithosphere covered the planetary surface in an unbroken rocky shell, with surface area equal to present day land masses, and matter transformed from photons and core current electrons increased mantle mass, internal pressure on the lithosphere and increased thickness and surface of the lithosphere by volcanic eruptions. The carbon rich water and gas fraction building the atmosphere and filling and fertilizing the shallow oceans.



The water and carbon rich biosphere, fertilized by volcanoes and hydrothermal vents nurtured the evolution of diverse lifeforms which grew to prodigious sizes in reduced gravity.


Sixty five million years ago meteor on a west to east trajectory impacted the planet at the present location of the Gulf of Mexico, punctured the lithosphere and powered high velocity stress cracks, powered by the release internal pressure causing the cracks to spring apart behind the leading edges. The stress cracks spread north east and south west from the impact site, dividing the Americas from Europe and Africa, crossed the poles and ending in multiple fractures across future seabeds of the Pacific and Indian Oceans

The continental oceans drained into the cracks between the plates creating the Grand Canyon beginning creation of the deep-water oceans as up-welling magma created new oceanic lithosphere between the spreading plates and hydrothermal vents filled and fertilized the growing oceans basins now covering seventy percent of the planetary surface and has reduced the surface curvature of land masses from the surface curvature of mars, causing earthquakes as the landscape flattens.