The ionized cores of stars and planets transform angular momentum of core rotation into magnetic moments and cores are embedded in fields which capture magnetic moments induced by core ions, a vector force increasing momentum of embedded ions in the direction of core rotation and powering high velocity ring currents around stars and planets which increases the velocity and angular momentum of ring current ions and embedded orbiting bodies.
Ionized ring currents around stars, planets and ring currents around black holes at the center of rotating galaxies transform angular momentums of ring current ions into dipole magnetic moments which induce sum of the vector forces as a dipole magnetic field along the ring current rotation axis.
In matter polarity universes ring currents induce dipole fields with like polarity dipole to the monopole field along the rotation axis away from the anticlockwise rotating face. In antimatter universes the like polarity pole to the monopole field is away from the clockwise rotating ring current face.
Tornadoes are anticlockwise ion electric ring currents, powered by the angular momentum rotating storm cells along electrified storm fronts, of ionized cloud droplets which transform angular momentum into magnetic moments and the sum as a dipole field along the ring current rotation axis with opposite polarity pole to the planetary field attracting ring current ions along the rotation axis toward the ground.
Magnetic moments captured by the fields of Earth, Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune power high velocity upper atmosphere ionized ring currents in the direction of core rotation of atmospheric atoms ionized by sunlight during daylight hours.
Neptune is similar to Uranus except orbital distance from the sun and axial tilt. Neptune’s orbital tilt is similar to the other planets with upper atmosphere ring currents, with sun exposure ionizing the equatorial latitude atmosphere for half the day and magnetic moments captured by the field power upper atmosphere ring currents of atmospheric ions.
Uranus’ rotation axis is tilted 97 degrees from its orbital axis so each pole faces the sun half the year while the other pole is in darkness. The equatorial latitudes only face the sun directly twice a year, leaving the equatorial atmosphere un-ionized, without upper atmosphere ring currents.
Astronomers may now understand why the similar planets Uranus and Neptune are different colors. Researchers have now developed a single atmospheric model that matches observations of both planets. The model reveals that excess haze on Uranus builds up in the planet’s stagnant, sluggish atmosphere and makes it appear a lighter tone than Neptune.
With an axial tilt of 97.77°, Uranus essentially orbits the Sun on its side. This means that either its north or south pole is pointed almost directly at the Sun at different times in its orbital period. When one pole is going through “summer” on Uranus, it will experience 42 years of continuous sunlight. When that same pole is pointed away from the Sun it will experience 42 years of continuous darkness.
Jupiter’s ionized core transforms the angular momentum of core rotation into magnetic moments which is captured by the field, and powers high velocity equatorial ring currents of atmospheric atoms ionized by sunlight which increases the angular momentum of ring current ions and embedded orbiting bodies. The great red spot has lapped Jupiter several times in the last few decades.
The magnetosphere of Jupiter sweeps up gases and dust from Io’s thin atmosphere at a rate of 1 tonne per second. This material is mostly composed of ionized and atomic sulfur, oxygen and chlorine; atomic sodium and potassium; molecular sulfur dioxide and sulfur; and sodium chloride dust.
Magnetic moments captured by Jupiter’s field power the high velocity ring current around Io’s orbital path of heavy ions ejected from Io’s volcanoes which increases the velocity and angular momentum of ring current ions and velocity and angular momentum of Io, an embedded orbiting body.
The three Galilean satellites are involved in the Laplace resonance, in which the orbital periods of Ganymede:Europa:Io are in a near 1:2:4 ratio, but more important, the mutual conjunctions of the Io–Europa pair and of the Europa–Ganymede pair precess around Jupiter at precisely the same rate.
Although it is not known exactly when or how the moons came to form the precise clock that is the Laplace resonance, one model suggests this resonance was progressively achieved after Io moved outward into a near 2:1 resonance with Europa, and then the Io–Europa pair moved outward until Ganymede was captured into its own near 2:1 resonance with Europa.
Magnetic moments captured by Jupiter’s field also power high amperage counterflowing currents of electrons attracted by ring current ions, captured by field lines propagated around Io’s orbital path, grounded on Io’s surface which electrifies Io’s surface inducing a voltage potential and core electric currents between Io’s surface and core where electrons transform into Io’s field lines.
High energy photons induced by exothermic mantle reactions transform into electron positron pairs at Io’s core where electrons transform into the field lines propagated around Io’s orbital path, resulting in residual positrons, which merge in trios, trios transform with transiting electrons into protons, and protons transform with core current electrons into mantle elements.
and increasing Io’s and ring current ion mass and angular momentum around Io’s orbital path.
The inner core rotates in the same direction as the Earth and slightly faster, completing its once-a-day rotation about two-thirds of a second faster than the entire Earth. Over the past 100 years that extra speed has gained the core a quarter-turn on the planet as a whole
The past few years have seen a flurry of records fall, with shorter days being notched up ever more frequently. In 2020, the Earth turned out 28 of the shortest days in the past 50 years, with the shortest of those, on 19 July, shaving 1.47 milliseconds off the 86,400 seconds that make up 24 hours. The 29 June record came close to being broken again last month, when 26 July came in 1.5 milliseconds short.